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P2.T6. Credit Risk (25%)
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Errors Found in Study Notes P2.T6. Credit Risk
Hello @The Great Khan This is because we were not able to completely update the focus review videos this year so some of the content that was removed from the curriculum may still be included in the videos. We feel that it is better to publish the previous videos rather than to not publish them at all because much of the content is still relevant for this year's exam. Thank you, Nicole
Hello @The Great Khan This is because we were not able to completely update the focus review videos this year so some of the content that was removed from the curriculum may still be included in the videos. We feel that it is better to publish the previous videos rather than to not publish them at all because much of the content is still relevant for this year's exam. Thank you, Nicole
Hello @The Great Khan This is because we were not able to completely update the focus review videos this year so some of the content that was removed from the curriculum may still be included in the videos. We feel that it is better to publish the previous videos rather than to not publish...
Hello @The Great Khan This is because we were not able to completely update the focus review videos this year so some of the content that was removed from the curriculum may still be included in...
Nicole Seaman
,
Aug 5, 2015
Replies:
8
Views:
863
Nicole Seaman
Nov 16, 2016
Retail vs. corporate credit default (time of default)
Hi David, I would like to ask the following: some reading in Part II (either Malz, Crouhy, Stulz Golin or Hull) mentions something about the time of default. Could be another author as well but I guess it must be somewhere in the aforementioned books. It goes something like this: for corporates the probability of default is highest at the end of the loan whereas the probability of default for...
Hi David, I would like to ask the following: some reading in Part II (either Malz, Crouhy, Stulz Golin or Hull) mentions something about the time of default. Could be another author as well but I guess it must be somewhere in the aforementioned books. It goes something like this: for corporates the probability of default is highest at the end of the loan whereas the probability of default for...
Hi David, I would like to ask the following: some reading in Part II (either Malz, Crouhy, Stulz Golin or Hull) mentions something about the time of default. Could be another author as well but I guess it must be somewhere in the aforementioned books. It goes something like this: for corporates...
Hi David, I would like to ask the following: some reading in Part II (either Malz, Crouhy, Stulz Golin or Hull) mentions something about the time of default. Could be another author as well but I...
emilioalzamora1
,
Feb 24, 2017 at 12:36 PM
Replies:
0
Views:
20
emilioalzamora1
Feb 24, 2017 at 12:36 PM
Calculate the probability of default, cumulative probability of default, marginal probability of def
Thanks
Thanks
Thanks
Thanks
Rohit
,
Feb 18, 2017 at 5:49 PM
Replies:
2
Views:
83
Rohit
Feb 22, 2017 at 6:22 AM
delaurentis - chapter 2 - recovery
I have read it many times now and still not 100 percent sure. But I guess the main point he makes is that Recovery depends heavily on the jurisdiction and type of contract and that this information is lost if you look at a Recovery from a generalized or global point of view. So from a model perspective (regarding estimation of Recovery) it would be very hard to incorporate the specific...
I have read it many times now and still not 100 percent sure. But I guess the main point he makes is that Recovery depends heavily on the jurisdiction and type of contract and that this information is lost if you look at a Recovery from a generalized or global point of view. So from a model perspective (regarding estimation of Recovery) it would be very hard to incorporate the specific...
I have read it many times now and still not 100 percent sure. But I guess the main point he makes is that Recovery depends heavily on the jurisdiction and type of contract and that this information is lost if you look at a Recovery from a generalized or global point of view. So from a model...
I have read it many times now and still not 100 percent sure. But I guess the main point he makes is that Recovery depends heavily on the jurisdiction and type of contract and that this...
farahm
,
Feb 5, 2017
Replies:
1
Views:
66
Daniel26
Feb 7, 2017
CVA Questions
To make it as simple as possible and to give you another practical example where is no upfront payment like in a long option position: 1) Suppose you are a Swap Dealer at a Banks Swap Desk. We assume there is no DVA. A client with lets say a BB rating wants to enter into a fixed rate payer swap. There is no CSA in place. To make the deal favorable for your desk you have to consider CVA. CVA...
To make it as simple as possible and to give you another practical example where is no upfront payment like in a long option position: 1) Suppose you are a Swap Dealer at a Banks Swap Desk. We assume there is no DVA. A client with lets say a BB rating wants to enter into a fixed rate payer swap. There is no CSA in place. To make the deal favorable for your desk you have to consider CVA. CVA...
To make it as simple as possible and to give you another practical example where is no upfront payment like in a long option position: 1) Suppose you are a Swap Dealer at a Banks Swap Desk. We assume there is no DVA. A client with lets say a BB rating wants to enter into a fixed rate payer...
To make it as simple as possible and to give you another practical example where is no upfront payment like in a long option position: 1) Suppose you are a Swap Dealer at a Banks Swap Desk. We...
Ekin4112
,
May 14, 2015
Replies:
13
Views:
520
Daniel26
Feb 4, 2017
Learning spreadsheet P2.T6 Malz ch7
@David Harper CFA FRM Thanks for clearify that!
@David Harper CFA FRM Thanks for clearify that!
@David Harper CFA FRM Thanks for clearify that!
@David Harper CFA FRM Thanks for clearify that!
Linghan
,
Jan 27, 2017
Replies:
2
Views:
72
Linghan
Jan 30, 2017
effect of default probability on equity and mezzanine
Thanks @David Harper CFA FRM
Thanks @David Harper CFA FRM
Thanks @David Harper CFA FRM
Thanks @David Harper CFA FRM
southeuro
,
Nov 14, 2014
Replies:
15
Views:
1,242
Dhruv@L2
Jan 11, 2017
Cash-funded vs. syntethic CDO (borrower consent/notification)
Hi All, I wanted to raise the following topic and share my insights about Cash-funded vs. syntethic CDO and whether one of these requires the borrower notification/obtaining borrower consent? This could be of one of these tricky questions in the exam (similarly engineered questions have turned up at the exam in Nov. 2016) David, it would be much appreciated if we can have your take on this?...
Hi All, I wanted to raise the following topic and share my insights about Cash-funded vs. syntethic CDO and whether one of these requires the borrower notification/obtaining borrower consent? This could be of one of these tricky questions in the exam (similarly engineered questions have turned up at the exam in Nov. 2016) David, it would be much appreciated if we can have your take on this?...
Hi All, I wanted to raise the following topic and share my insights about Cash-funded vs. syntethic CDO and whether one of these requires the borrower notification/obtaining borrower consent? This could be of one of these tricky questions in the exam (similarly engineered questions have turned...
Hi All, I wanted to raise the following topic and share my insights about Cash-funded vs. syntethic CDO and whether one of these requires the borrower notification/obtaining borrower consent?...
emilioalzamora1
,
Dec 7, 2016
Replies:
0
Views:
80
emilioalzamora1
Dec 7, 2016
VaR question (Part 2 exam - members put other question you can recall)
I am stuck with this question too, I was thinking if 5% of loss on 25 loans (1% recovery rate) then that should be time 1.645 but the answer does not match!
I am stuck with this question too, I was thinking if 5% of loss on 25 loans (1% recovery rate) then that should be time 1.645 but the answer does not match!
I am stuck with this question too, I was thinking if 5% of loss on 25 loans (1% recovery rate) then that should be time 1.645 but the answer does not match!
I am stuck with this question too, I was thinking if 5% of loss on 25 loans (1% recovery rate) then that should be time 1.645 but the answer does not match!
arkabose
,
Nov 19, 2016
Replies:
1
Views:
201
frmpart2dan
Nov 19, 2016
GARP Part 2 Questions 76 and 33 (garp16-p2-76) (garp16-p2-33)
Just to add to the helpful comments already here: Question 76 is asking for the unconditional PD in year 4, which can be also answered by subtracting th 3-year cumulative PD from the 4-year cumulative PD: (1-5.5%)^4 - (1-5.5%)^3 = 4.64%. I like this calculation because to me it is somewhat intuitive: as the unconditional probability is the probability "from the perspective of today," if the...
Just to add to the helpful comments already here: Question 76 is asking for the unconditional PD in year 4, which can be also answered by subtracting th 3-year cumulative PD from the 4-year cumulative PD: (1-5.5%)^4 - (1-5.5%)^3 = 4.64%. I like this calculation because to me it is somewhat intuitive: as the unconditional probability is the probability "from the perspective of today," if the...
Just to add to the helpful comments already here: Question 76 is asking for the unconditional PD in year 4, which can be also answered by subtracting th 3-year cumulative PD from the 4-year cumulative PD: (1-5.5%)^4 - (1-5.5%)^3 = 4.64%. I like this calculation because to me it is somewhat...
Just to add to the helpful comments already here: Question 76 is asking for the unconditional PD in year 4, which can be also answered by subtracting th 3-year cumulative PD from the 4-year...
equanimity
,
Nov 17, 2016
Replies:
6
Views:
172
David Harper CFA FRM
Nov 18, 2016
Collateral can increase exposure?
I think Gregory is just illustrating an outlier possibility related to "the need to post collateral and parameters such as minimum transfer amounts create some risk above the threshold." The portfolio value -15 implies this party has posted collateral but the collateral amount is not continously accurate (per MTA and other parameters) such that $18 has actually been posted and $3 is due to be...
I think Gregory is just illustrating an outlier possibility related to "the need to post collateral and parameters such as minimum transfer amounts create some risk above the threshold." The portfolio value -15 implies this party has posted collateral but the collateral amount is not continously accurate (per MTA and other parameters) such that $18 has actually been posted and $3 is due to be...
I think Gregory is just illustrating an outlier possibility related to "the need to post collateral and parameters such as minimum transfer amounts create some risk above the threshold." The portfolio value -15 implies this party has posted collateral but the collateral amount is not...
I think Gregory is just illustrating an outlier possibility related to "the need to post collateral and parameters such as minimum transfer amounts create some risk above the threshold." The...
arkabose
,
Nov 17, 2016
Replies:
1
Views:
82
David Harper CFA FRM
Nov 17, 2016
CDS and CDS Index long or short
@David Harper CFA FRM , no probs! With the amount of hard work and support you are giving to this forum at this moment, little mistakes are not unexpected!
@David Harper CFA FRM , no probs! With the amount of hard work and support you are giving to this forum at this moment, little mistakes are not unexpected!
@David Harper CFA FRM , no probs! With the amount of hard work and support you are giving to this forum at this moment, little mistakes are not unexpected!
@David Harper CFA FRM , no probs! With the amount of hard work and support you are giving to this forum at this moment, little mistakes are not unexpected!
Johnny Firpo
,
May 13, 2014
Replies:
14
Views:
10,070
arkabose
Nov 14, 2016
Merton formula
Hi @Arnaudc Okay, right, as I actually look at Malz currently, you are correct about his assumption in the first step (page 219). Sorry to misrepresent him on that, thank you for pushing back, I learned something here!
(fwiw, my key influence is ) Malz page 219: "Example 6.3 (Merton Model): We apply the model to a firm that has an asset value of $140. We’ll assume the firm’s sole debt issue...
Hi @Arnaudc Okay, right, as I actually look at Malz currently, you are correct about his assumption in the first step (page 219). Sorry to misrepresent him on that, thank you for pushing back, I learned something here!
(fwiw, my key influence is ) Malz page 219: "Example 6.3 (Merton Model): We apply the model to a firm that has an asset value of $140. We’ll assume the firm’s sole debt issue...
Hi @Arnaudc Okay, right, as I actually look at Malz currently, you are correct about his assumption in the first step (page 219). Sorry to misrepresent him on that, thank you for pushing back, I learned something here!
(fwiw, my key influence is ) Malz page 219: "Example 6.3 (Merton Model): We...
Hi @Arnaudc Okay, right, as I actually look at Malz currently, you are correct about his assumption in the first step (page 219). Sorry to misrepresent him on that, thank you for pushing back, I...
shanlane
,
Mar 13, 2012
Replies:
10
Views:
1,446
David Harper CFA FRM
Nov 10, 2016
GARP.FRM.PQ.P2
2016 GARP PQ - Question 5 - CDS (garp16-p2-5)
@David Harper CFA FRM , Thank you for confirming / clarifying! Regarding the LGD confusion, I think an easy way not to get it wrong is to understand the LGD as the loss an investor would suffer an a specific instrument without taking into account CDS protection. (then this LGD is simply plugged into CDS valuation formula's. Thanks again. Kind regards,
@David Harper CFA FRM , Thank you for confirming / clarifying! Regarding the LGD confusion, I think an easy way not to get it wrong is to understand the LGD as the loss an investor would suffer an a specific instrument without taking into account CDS protection. (then this LGD is simply plugged into CDS valuation formula's. Thanks again. Kind regards,
@David Harper CFA FRM , Thank you for confirming / clarifying! Regarding the LGD confusion, I think an easy way not to get it wrong is to understand the LGD as the loss an investor would suffer an a specific instrument without taking into account CDS protection. (then this LGD is simply plugged...
@David Harper CFA FRM , Thank you for confirming / clarifying! Regarding the LGD confusion, I think an easy way not to get it wrong is to understand the LGD as the loss an investor would suffer an...
no_ming
,
Oct 1, 2016
Replies:
6
Views:
323
Arnaudc
Nov 5, 2016
P2.T6.309. Default correlation, Malz sections 8.1 and 8.2
I am sorry. I goofed up. I had this question no. 74 in mind when I raised the query.
I am sorry. I goofed up. I had this question no. 74 in mind when I raised the query.
I am sorry. I goofed up. I had this question no. 74 in mind when I raised the query.
I am sorry. I goofed up. I had this question no. 74 in mind when I raised the query.
taunk
,
Oct 30, 2016
Replies:
2
Views:
95
taunk
Oct 30, 2016
GARP.FRM.PQ.P2
hazard rate (garp16-p2-33)
Hi @frmqiu Yes, the language in question 2016.P2.Q33 was reported earlier in the year as imprecise. I recall that GARP agreed with our feedback. @Deepak Chitnis is correct that the solution implicitly is the discrete conditional PD, but the phrasing suggests it wants a joint probability. Please see here for more detail
Hi @frmqiu Yes, the language in question 2016.P2.Q33 was reported earlier in the year as imprecise. I recall that GARP agreed with our feedback. @Deepak Chitnis is correct that the solution implicitly is the discrete conditional PD, but the phrasing suggests it wants a joint probability. Please see here for more detail
Hi @frmqiu Yes, the language in question 2016.P2.Q33 was reported earlier in the year as imprecise. I recall that GARP agreed with our feedback. @Deepak Chitnis is correct that the solution implicitly is the discrete conditional PD, but the phrasing suggests it wants a joint probability....
Hi @frmqiu Yes, the language in question 2016.P2.Q33 was reported earlier in the year as imprecise. I recall that GARP agreed with our feedback. @Deepak Chitnis is correct that the solution...
frmqiu
,
Oct 30, 2016
Replies:
3
Views:
102
David Harper CFA FRM
Oct 30, 2016
Merton drift in DD
Hi All, P2.T6.R43 I am trying to conceptually understand how the DD value is calculated statistically. The numerator is the expected value of the price, and the denominator is the standard deviation. My question relates to the numerator. Assume T-t=1 ln(Vo/K) is the current log "return" at T=0. We then add what I assume is the expected drift until maturity (r-(sig^2)/2). How am I supposed...
Hi All, P2.T6.R43 I am trying to conceptually understand how the DD value is calculated statistically. The numerator is the expected value of the price, and the denominator is the standard deviation. My question relates to the numerator. Assume T-t=1 ln(Vo/K) is the current log "return" at T=0. We then add what I assume is the expected drift until maturity (r-(sig^2)/2). How am I supposed...
Hi All, P2.T6.R43 I am trying to conceptually understand how the DD value is calculated statistically. The numerator is the expected value of the price, and the denominator is the standard deviation. My question relates to the numerator. Assume T-t=1 ln(Vo/K) is the current log "return" at...
Hi All, P2.T6.R43 I am trying to conceptually understand how the DD value is calculated statistically. The numerator is the expected value of the price, and the denominator is the standard...
The Great Khan
,
Oct 21, 2016
Replies:
0
Views:
107
The Great Khan
Oct 21, 2016
Total Return Swap (Crouhy) - Figure 12-7 - mistake?
many thanks, David! Apologies,I was referring to Crouhy's first edition in my question (there it is Figure 12-7). Now it makes good sense.
many thanks, David! Apologies,I was referring to Crouhy's first edition in my question (there it is Figure 12-7). Now it makes good sense.
many thanks, David! Apologies,I was referring to Crouhy's first edition in my question (there it is Figure 12-7). Now it makes good sense.
many thanks, David! Apologies,I was referring to Crouhy's first edition in my question (there it is Figure 12-7). Now it makes good sense.
emilioalzamora1
,
Oct 20, 2016
Replies:
3
Views:
133
emilioalzamora1
Oct 21, 2016
MtM and Exposure for Netting
Hi @arkabose Yes, agreed. Your circled item is from the source (Gregory) and it's not listed in his errata that I can see (). However, I agree with you. This looks like a mistake to me (sorry). Your second paragraph, of course, is CORRECT: in a fixed cross-currency swap, the counterparty who pays the higher interest rate has a positive expected future M2M; i.e., the higher relative rate, per...
Hi @arkabose Yes, agreed. Your circled item is from the source (Gregory) and it's not listed in his errata that I can see (). However, I agree with you. This looks like a mistake to me (sorry). Your second paragraph, of course, is CORRECT: in a fixed cross-currency swap, the counterparty who pays the higher interest rate has a positive expected future M2M; i.e., the higher relative rate, per...
Hi @arkabose Yes, agreed. Your circled item is from the source (Gregory) and it's not listed in his errata that I can see (). However, I agree with you. This looks like a mistake to me (sorry). Your second paragraph, of course, is CORRECT: in a fixed cross-currency swap, the counterparty who...
Hi @arkabose Yes, agreed. Your circled item is from the source (Gregory) and it's not listed in his errata that I can see (). However, I agree with you. This looks like a mistake to me (sorry)....
arkabose
,
Oct 19, 2016
Replies:
1
Views:
179
David Harper CFA FRM
Oct 20, 2016
Netting factor
Thanks vm for the confirmation David. Makes sense with this lower bound. Rgds,
Thanks vm for the confirmation David. Makes sense with this lower bound. Rgds,
Thanks vm for the confirmation David. Makes sense with this lower bound. Rgds,
Thanks vm for the confirmation David. Makes sense with this lower bound. Rgds,
Kaiser
,
Oct 12, 2016
Replies:
2
Views:
197
Kaiser
Oct 12, 2016
GARP.FRM.PQ.P2
2016 GARP PQ - Question 52 -Netting
Hi @no_ming In this question, the type of instruments don't really matter as the question is giving you the mark-to-market value ("current market value"
of the positions. Credit exposure is max(value, 0). So the credit exposure here without netting is 54, but with netting it is only 21: Without netting: max(0, +21) + max(0, -33) + max(0, +33) = 54 With netting: max(0, 21 - 33 + 33) = 21
Hi @no_ming In this question, the type of instruments don't really matter as the question is giving you the mark-to-market value ("current market value"
of the positions. Credit exposure is max(value, 0). So the credit exposure here without netting is 54, but with netting it is only 21: Without netting: max(0, +21) + max(0, -33) + max(0, +33) = 54 With netting: max(0, 21 - 33 + 33) = 21
Hi @no_ming In this question, the type of instruments don't really matter as the question is giving you the mark-to-market value ("current market value"
of the positions. Credit exposure is max(value, 0). So the credit exposure here without netting is 54, but with netting it is only...
Hi @no_ming In this question, the type of instruments don't really matter as the question is giving you the mark-to-market value ("current market value"
of the positions. Credit exposure is...
no_ming
,
Sep 28, 2016
Replies:
1
Views:
176
David Harper CFA FRM
Sep 28, 2016
de Servigny, Chapter 3 - Spreadsheet
Hello @mh2452 Any spreadsheets that are not published under the individual readings are published under that topic's Topic Review section in spreadsheet bundles. So if you to into Topic 6, you will find the spreadsheet bundles for that topic. I hope this helps! Nicole
Hello @mh2452 Any spreadsheets that are not published under the individual readings are published under that topic's Topic Review section in spreadsheet bundles. So if you to into Topic 6, you will find the spreadsheet bundles for that topic. I hope this helps! Nicole
Hello @mh2452 Any spreadsheets that are not published under the individual readings are published under that topic's Topic Review section in spreadsheet bundles. So if you to into Topic 6, you will find the spreadsheet bundles for that topic. I hope this helps! Nicole
Hello @mh2452 Any spreadsheets that are not published under the individual readings are published under that topic's Topic Review section in spreadsheet bundles. So if you to into Topic 6, you...
mh2452
,
Sep 24, 2016
Replies:
1
Views:
113
Nicole Seaman
Sep 26, 2016
PQ-external
Excess spreads question~
Hi @no_ming Your question is good because sometimes default is assumed to refer to only the principal (as your solution infers), however here (in my opinion) the question does specify "accumulates 6.625 mm of losses from defaults and unpaid interest." And, this is natural (yes?): losses should refer to both unpaid principal and unpaid interest. So, given the phrasing, appropriate would be...
Hi @no_ming Your question is good because sometimes default is assumed to refer to only the principal (as your solution infers), however here (in my opinion) the question does specify "accumulates 6.625 mm of losses from defaults and unpaid interest." And, this is natural (yes?): losses should refer to both unpaid principal and unpaid interest. So, given the phrasing, appropriate would be...
Hi @no_ming Your question is good because sometimes default is assumed to refer to only the principal (as your solution infers), however here (in my opinion) the question does specify "accumulates 6.625 mm of losses from defaults and unpaid interest." And, this is natural (yes?): losses should...
Hi @no_ming Your question is good because sometimes default is assumed to refer to only the principal (as your solution infers), however here (in my opinion) the question does specify "accumulates...
no_ming
,
Sep 18, 2016
Replies:
3
Views:
176
David Harper CFA FRM
Sep 23, 2016
PFE & EE Question~
@no_ming Re: In another word, not only EE, if Sigma and mean increase, PFE, EPE etc. also increase, is that right? Yes, if you increase µ or σ then you are shifting or "expanding" (dispersing) the normal distribution, so the x% PFE will increase, in the same way that higher volatility or lower return will increase (absolute) value at risk because there x% tail (quantile) is further into loss...
@no_ming Re: In another word, not only EE, if Sigma and mean increase, PFE, EPE etc. also increase, is that right? Yes, if you increase µ or σ then you are shifting or "expanding" (dispersing) the normal distribution, so the x% PFE will increase, in the same way that higher volatility or lower return will increase (absolute) value at risk because there x% tail (quantile) is further into loss...
@no_ming Re: In another word, not only EE, if Sigma and mean increase, PFE, EPE etc. also increase, is that right? Yes, if you increase µ or σ then you are shifting or "expanding" (dispersing) the normal distribution, so the x% PFE will increase, in the same way that higher volatility or lower...
@no_ming Re: In another word, not only EE, if Sigma and mean increase, PFE, EPE etc. also increase, is that right? Yes, if you increase µ or σ then you are shifting or "expanding" (dispersing) the...
no_ming
,
Sep 15, 2016
Replies:
8
Views:
212
David Harper CFA FRM
Sep 16, 2016
PQ-external
CVA & credit limit question:
Mr. Harper, very clear explanation , thanks a lot. Dr. Jayanthi Sankaran, also thanks for your help.
Mr. Harper, very clear explanation , thanks a lot. Dr. Jayanthi Sankaran, also thanks for your help.
Mr. Harper, very clear explanation , thanks a lot. Dr. Jayanthi Sankaran, also thanks for your help.
Mr. Harper, very clear explanation , thanks a lot. Dr. Jayanthi Sankaran, also thanks for your help.
no_ming
,
Sep 15, 2016
Replies:
3
Views:
183
no_ming
Sep 15, 2016
Equity tranche spread wrt correlation
Hello Sir, Can you please help me with the below question Question 1 Part a) Consider the following assets present in loan portfolio of IMT Bank Ltd, all the assets below are mortgage loans. Exposure 1 Exposure 2 Exposure 3 Portfolio Commitment $100,000,000 $120,000,000 ...
Hello Sir, Can you please help me with the below question Question 1 Part a) Consider the following assets present in loan portfolio of IMT Bank Ltd, all the assets below are mortgage loans. Exposure 1 Exposure 2 Exposure 3 Portfolio Commitment $100,000,000 $120,000,000 ...
Hello Sir, Can you please help me with the below question Question 1 Part a) Consider the following assets present in loan portfolio of IMT Bank Ltd, all the assets below are mortgage loans. Exposure 1 Exposure 2 Exposure 3 ...
Hello Sir, Can you please help me with the below question Question 1 Part a) Consider the following assets present in loan portfolio of IMT Bank Ltd, all the assets below are mortgage loans. ...
afterworkguinness
,
Nov 14, 2015
Replies:
8
Views:
1,948
Vishal Singh
Sep 10, 2016
GARP.FRM.PQ.P2
question in derivation process of merton model credit spread
Logarithm quotient rule logb(x / y) = logb(x) - logb(y) is the formula used for calculation its not 1/x it x/y ...
Logarithm quotient rule logb(x / y) = logb(x) - logb(y) is the formula used for calculation its not 1/x it x/y ...
Logarithm quotient rule logb(x / y) = logb(x) - logb(y) is the formula used for calculation its not 1/x it x/y ...
Logarithm quotient rule logb(x / y) = logb(x) - logb(y) is the formula used for calculation its not 1/x it x/y ...
nwalker
,
Aug 27, 2016
Replies:
1
Views:
133
desh
Aug 27, 2016
Considerations about commitment fee and EAD
Hi to all! If I understood correctly, banks apply a commitment fee (fixed percentage) on the undrawn portion of a credit line to hedge the further expected loss associated with that credit exposition. So you have to pay more if you are using a small drawn portion of the credit line. Now, given the fact that a firm with an high rating (such as AA or A) will only use a small part of the credit...
Hi to all! If I understood correctly, banks apply a commitment fee (fixed percentage) on the undrawn portion of a credit line to hedge the further expected loss associated with that credit exposition. So you have to pay more if you are using a small drawn portion of the credit line. Now, given the fact that a firm with an high rating (such as AA or A) will only use a small part of the credit...
Hi to all! If I understood correctly, banks apply a commitment fee (fixed percentage) on the undrawn portion of a credit line to hedge the further expected loss associated with that credit exposition. So you have to pay more if you are using a small drawn portion of the credit line. Now, given...
Hi to all! If I understood correctly, banks apply a commitment fee (fixed percentage) on the undrawn portion of a credit line to hedge the further expected loss associated with that credit...
Tradespotting
,
Aug 24, 2016
Replies:
0
Views:
100
Tradespotting
Aug 24, 2016
Credit Exposure
Hi @Stuti It's the same square root rule that let's us scale volatility/VaR per sqrt(ΔT) but therefore importantly it is conditional on the same i.i.d. assumption, namely that the returns of the credit risk factor are independent. Further, this is the simplest possible credit exposure profile; i.e., a single i.i.d. credit risk factor. For example, in a swap, sqrt(ΔT) tends to characterize...
Hi @Stuti It's the same square root rule that let's us scale volatility/VaR per sqrt(ΔT) but therefore importantly it is conditional on the same i.i.d. assumption, namely that the returns of the credit risk factor are independent. Further, this is the simplest possible credit exposure profile; i.e., a single i.i.d. credit risk factor. For example, in a swap, sqrt(ΔT) tends to characterize...
Hi @Stuti It's the same square root rule that let's us scale volatility/VaR per sqrt(ΔT) but therefore importantly it is conditional on the same i.i.d. assumption, namely that the returns of the credit risk factor are independent. Further, this is the simplest possible credit exposure...
Hi @Stuti It's the same square root rule that let's us scale volatility/VaR per sqrt(ΔT) but therefore importantly it is conditional on the same i.i.d. assumption, namely that the returns of the...
Stuti
,
Aug 8, 2016
Replies:
1
Views:
84
David Harper CFA FRM
Aug 18, 2016
CDS pricing question!
Hi @no_ming Yes, on one level, that's correct: the question implies an increase in price and, if we naively assume that the price determines the collateral posted (as the question implies), then the price increase implies additional collateral is posted. As discussed, most of the price movement should be fundamental (i.e., changes in the reference's credit quality) but, as is always the case,...
Hi @no_ming Yes, on one level, that's correct: the question implies an increase in price and, if we naively assume that the price determines the collateral posted (as the question implies), then the price increase implies additional collateral is posted. As discussed, most of the price movement should be fundamental (i.e., changes in the reference's credit quality) but, as is always the case,...
Hi @no_ming Yes, on one level, that's correct: the question implies an increase in price and, if we naively assume that the price determines the collateral posted (as the question implies), then the price increase implies additional collateral is posted. As discussed, most of the price movement...
Hi @no_ming Yes, on one level, that's correct: the question implies an increase in price and, if we naively assume that the price determines the collateral posted (as the question implies), then...
no_ming
,
Aug 6, 2016
Replies:
8
Views:
338
David Harper CFA FRM
Aug 16, 2016
Real world application: Deriving default probabilities from observed CDS spreads
Hi there, I have to solve a problem which is actually a real world application of Malz, Chapter 7 - Bootstrapping default probabilities given an observable CDS spread curve. Please refer to the excel attached: I have created an excel spreadsheet that should do the calculation. What it basically does is - given an observable CDS spread curve - modelling the cash flows of a hypothetical CDS...
Hi there, I have to solve a problem which is actually a real world application of Malz, Chapter 7 - Bootstrapping default probabilities given an observable CDS spread curve. Please refer to the excel attached: I have created an excel spreadsheet that should do the calculation. What it basically does is - given an observable CDS spread curve - modelling the cash flows of a hypothetical CDS...
Hi there, I have to solve a problem which is actually a real world application of Malz, Chapter 7 - Bootstrapping default probabilities given an observable CDS spread curve. Please refer to the excel attached: I have created an excel spreadsheet that should do the calculation. What it...
Hi there, I have to solve a problem which is actually a real world application of Malz, Chapter 7 - Bootstrapping default probabilities given an observable CDS spread curve. Please refer to the...
cAse113
,
Aug 4, 2016
Replies:
0
Views:
345
cAse113
Aug 4, 2016
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