# P2.T8. Investment Management

Practice questions for investment management and risk management

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1. ### Jorion, Chapter 7: Portfolio Risk: Analytical Methods

Thank you very much for the prompt reply.
Thank you very much for the prompt reply.
Thank you very much for the prompt reply.
Thank you very much for the prompt reply.
Replies:
2
Views:
14
2. ### Quiz - T8P2.T8.712. Hedge fund performance

I don't see it, sorry. α/σ(α)*sqrt(N) = [α/σ(α)]*sqrt(N); I added the square brackets for your benefit but they are not necessary ()
I don't see it, sorry. α/σ(α)*sqrt(N) = [α/σ(α)]*sqrt(N); I added the square brackets for your benefit but they are not necessary ()
I don't see it, sorry. α/σ(α)*sqrt(N) = [α/σ(α)]*sqrt(N); I added the square brackets for your benefit but they are not necessary ()
I don't see it, sorry. α/σ(α)*sqrt(N) = [α/σ(α)]*sqrt(N); I added the square brackets for your benefit but they are not necessary ()
Replies:
11
Views:
129
3. ### Quiz - T8P2.T8.711. Time- versus dollar-weighted returns, M-squared measure, and performance attribution

That is helpful indeed. Thank you, David. (The quadratic formula '4a^2+3a-5=0' was merely an example, and not derived from your exercises.)
That is helpful indeed. Thank you, David. (The quadratic formula '4a^2+3a-5=0' was merely an example, and not derived from your exercises.)
That is helpful indeed. Thank you, David. (The quadratic formula '4a^2+3a-5=0' was merely an example, and not derived from your exercises.)
That is helpful indeed. Thank you, David. (The quadratic formula '4a^2+3a-5=0' was merely an example, and not derived from your exercises.)
Replies:
4
Views:
81
4. ### Quiz - T8P2.T8.710. Portfolio value at risk (VaR) and surplus at risk (SaR)

Hi David, I kept calculating for (A+L) rather than for (A-L), so my bad. Sorry for the late reply too. I had jumped to Book 1, assuming that a completely different focus for a few days would restore my focus.
Hi David, I kept calculating for (A+L) rather than for (A-L), so my bad. Sorry for the late reply too. I had jumped to Book 1, assuming that a completely different focus for a few days would restore my focus.
Hi David, I kept calculating for (A+L) rather than for (A-L), so my bad. Sorry for the late reply too. I had jumped to Book 1, assuming that a completely different focus for a few days would restore my focus.
Hi David, I kept calculating for (A+L) rather than for (A-L), so my bad. Sorry for the late reply too. I had jumped to Book 1, assuming that a completely different focus for a few days would...
Replies:
3
Views:
102
5. ### Quiz - T8P2.T8.709. Ang on Factors and Factor Theory

Hi @Camil There are (from the FRM perspective) two valid ways to define information ratio: active or residual (aka, alpha) based. We can use 0.0088 in the numerator which is an active return, but then the denominator should be "active risk;" i.e., the standard deviation of the active return. If we want to use the more sophisticated IR, we can use residual return (aka, alpha = regression...
Hi @Camil There are (from the FRM perspective) two valid ways to define information ratio: active or residual (aka, alpha) based. We can use 0.0088 in the numerator which is an active return, but then the denominator should be "active risk;" i.e., the standard deviation of the active return. If we want to use the more sophisticated IR, we can use residual return (aka, alpha = regression...
Hi @Camil There are (from the FRM perspective) two valid ways to define information ratio: active or residual (aka, alpha) based. We can use 0.0088 in the numerator which is an active return, but then the denominator should be "active risk;" i.e., the standard deviation of the active return. If...
Hi @Camil There are (from the FRM perspective) two valid ways to define information ratio: active or residual (aka, alpha) based. We can use 0.0088 in the numerator which is an active return, but...
Replies:
7
Views:
93
6. ### P2.T8.708. Illiquidity risk premium & portfolio choice decision on the inclusion of illiquid assets

Hi David, For 708,2 rebalancing as a means to harvest the illiquidity premium, am I right to see this as coincidental/ a by-product? As I understand it, for HML (value) for example, we buy low and sell high. But if an illiquid asset doesn't match this cycle i.e. it happens to continue being neither, then it will be not be subject to rebalancing. So with rebalancing, we are at most indirectly...
Hi David, For 708,2 rebalancing as a means to harvest the illiquidity premium, am I right to see this as coincidental/ a by-product? As I understand it, for HML (value) for example, we buy low and sell high. But if an illiquid asset doesn't match this cycle i.e. it happens to continue being neither, then it will be not be subject to rebalancing. So with rebalancing, we are at most indirectly...
Hi David, For 708,2 rebalancing as a means to harvest the illiquidity premium, am I right to see this as coincidental/ a by-product? As I understand it, for HML (value) for example, we buy low and sell high. But if an illiquid asset doesn't match this cycle i.e. it happens to continue being...
Hi David, For 708,2 rebalancing as a means to harvest the illiquidity premium, am I right to see this as coincidental/ a by-product? As I understand it, for HML (value) for example, we buy low and...
Replies:
8
Views:
107
7. ### P2.T8.707. The biases of illiquid markets (Ang)

Thank you David for your detailed explanation!
Thank you David for your detailed explanation!
Thank you David for your detailed explanation!
Thank you David for your detailed explanation!
Replies:
6
Views:
132
8. ### P2.T8.706. Alpha, style analysis and the risk anomaly (Ang)

Learning objectives: Explain how to measure time-varying factor exposures and their use in style analysis. Describe issues that arise when measuring alphas for nonlinear strategies. Compare the volatility anomaly and beta anomaly, and analyze evidence of each anomaly. Describe potential explanations for the risk anomaly. Questions: 706.1. In order to evaluate the performance of its funds,...
Learning objectives: Explain how to measure time-varying factor exposures and their use in style analysis. Describe issues that arise when measuring alphas for nonlinear strategies. Compare the volatility anomaly and beta anomaly, and analyze evidence of each anomaly. Describe potential explanations for the risk anomaly. Questions: 706.1. In order to evaluate the performance of its funds,...
Learning objectives: Explain how to measure time-varying factor exposures and their use in style analysis. Describe issues that arise when measuring alphas for nonlinear strategies. Compare the volatility anomaly and beta anomaly, and analyze evidence of each anomaly. Describe potential...
Learning objectives: Explain how to measure time-varying factor exposures and their use in style analysis. Describe issues that arise when measuring alphas for nonlinear strategies. Compare the...
Replies:
0
Views:
56
9. ### P2.T8.705. Berkshire Hathaway versus its benchmark (Ang)

Hi @Jerome Le Bos, T-stats are calculated in the following way: the coefficient of the regression divided by its standard error. 1.) CAPM alpha 0.720/0.356 = 2.02 (t-stat) 2. F-F alpha 0.650/0.332 = 1.96 (t-stat) Assuming a 95% confidence level: To achieve a significance level of 0.05 for a two-sided test, the absolute value of the test statistic must be greater than or equal to the...
Hi @Jerome Le Bos, T-stats are calculated in the following way: the coefficient of the regression divided by its standard error. 1.) CAPM alpha 0.720/0.356 = 2.02 (t-stat) 2. F-F alpha 0.650/0.332 = 1.96 (t-stat) Assuming a 95% confidence level: To achieve a significance level of 0.05 for a two-sided test, the absolute value of the test statistic must be greater than or equal to the...
Hi @Jerome Le Bos, T-stats are calculated in the following way: the coefficient of the regression divided by its standard error. 1.) CAPM alpha 0.720/0.356 = 2.02 (t-stat) 2. F-F alpha 0.650/0.332 = 1.96 (t-stat) Assuming a 95% confidence level: To achieve a significance level of 0.05 for...
Hi @Jerome Le Bos, T-stats are calculated in the following way: the coefficient of the regression divided by its standard error. 1.) CAPM alpha 0.720/0.356 = 2.02 (t-stat) 2. F-F...
Replies:
12
Views:
151
10. ### P2.T8.704. Alpha and effective benchmarks (Andrew Ang)

Let me back up some of the concepts about beta vs vol and high vs low beta stocks: 1. High beta stocks have higher level of vol That said, high beta stocks seek to capitalize on continued growth with market-beating returns. This is because when markets soar, high beta stocks experience larger gains than the broader market counterparts and thus, outpace their rivals. However, these exhibit a...
Let me back up some of the concepts about beta vs vol and high vs low beta stocks: 1. High beta stocks have higher level of vol That said, high beta stocks seek to capitalize on continued growth with market-beating returns. This is because when markets soar, high beta stocks experience larger gains than the broader market counterparts and thus, outpace their rivals. However, these exhibit a...
Let me back up some of the concepts about beta vs vol and high vs low beta stocks: 1. High beta stocks have higher level of vol That said, high beta stocks seek to capitalize on continued growth with market-beating returns. This is because when markets soar, high beta stocks experience larger...
Let me back up some of the concepts about beta vs vol and high vs low beta stocks: 1. High beta stocks have higher level of vol That said, high beta stocks seek to capitalize on continued growth...
Replies:
14
Views:
251
11. ### P2.T8.703. Value, size and momentum investing (Andrew Ang)

Hi David, Can I/we get your input here on how rebalancing is deemed a short vol strategy? It looks like the premium part is related to mean-reversion (buy low, sell high). This has added benefits of diversification or at least retaining your initial risk/ factor portfolio allocation (e.g. per Morgan Stanley article, avoiding equity over-exposure/disfigurement at the times of major downturn)....
Hi David, Can I/we get your input here on how rebalancing is deemed a short vol strategy? It looks like the premium part is related to mean-reversion (buy low, sell high). This has added benefits of diversification or at least retaining your initial risk/ factor portfolio allocation (e.g. per Morgan Stanley article, avoiding equity over-exposure/disfigurement at the times of major downturn)....
Hi David, Can I/we get your input here on how rebalancing is deemed a short vol strategy? It looks like the premium part is related to mean-reversion (buy low, sell high). This has added benefits of diversification or at least retaining your initial risk/ factor portfolio allocation (e.g. per...
Hi David, Can I/we get your input here on how rebalancing is deemed a short vol strategy? It looks like the premium part is related to mean-reversion (buy low, sell high). This has added benefits...
Replies:
9
Views:
126
12. ### P2.T8.702. Macroeconomic risk factors including growth, inflation and volatility (Andrew Ang)

Hi @gwfrm16 Yes, indeed, our mistake. Thank you for noticing. I have corrected the answer to reflect the true version of the statement (ie, that all asset classes are worse under high inflation): "702.1. C. False. To be true, this should instead read: During periods of high inflation, all five asset classes perform significantly WORSE than during periods of low inflation." and added the...
Hi @gwfrm16 Yes, indeed, our mistake. Thank you for noticing. I have corrected the answer to reflect the true version of the statement (ie, that all asset classes are worse under high inflation): "702.1. C. False. To be true, this should instead read: During periods of high inflation, all five asset classes perform significantly WORSE than during periods of low inflation." and added the...
Hi @gwfrm16 Yes, indeed, our mistake. Thank you for noticing. I have corrected the answer to reflect the true version of the statement (ie, that all asset classes are worse under high inflation): "702.1. C. False. To be true, this should instead read: During periods of high inflation, all five...
Hi @gwfrm16 Yes, indeed, our mistake. Thank you for noticing. I have corrected the answer to reflect the true version of the statement (ie, that all asset classes are worse under high inflation):...
Replies:
2
Views:
77
13. ### P2.T8.701. Multifactor models (Andrew Ang)

Hi @Bilal Ehsan you are applying the CAPM logic, but Ang's beta is not the CAPM's β(R, Rm = excess market return), instead Ang's beta is β(R, m = bad times index) such that higher "bad times beta" is associated with lower expected return (and this counter-intuitive setup explains the negative in the formula!) as I explained above at i.e.,
Hi @Bilal Ehsan you are applying the CAPM logic, but Ang's beta is not the CAPM's β(R, Rm = excess market return), instead Ang's beta is β(R, m = bad times index) such that higher "bad times beta" is associated with lower expected return (and this counter-intuitive setup explains the negative in the formula!) as I explained above at i.e.,
Hi @Bilal Ehsan you are applying the CAPM logic, but Ang's beta is not the CAPM's β(R, Rm = excess market return), instead Ang's beta is β(R, m = bad times index) such that higher "bad times beta" is associated with lower expected return (and this counter-intuitive setup explains the negative in...
Hi @Bilal Ehsan you are applying the CAPM logic, but Ang's beta is not the CAPM's β(R, Rm = excess market return), instead Ang's beta is β(R, m = bad times index) such that higher "bad times...
Replies:
9
Views:
189
14. ### P2.T8.700. Theory of factor risk premiums (Andrew Ang)

Thx so much David.......
Thx so much David.......
Thx so much David.......
Thx so much David.......
Replies:
9
Views:
125
15. ### P2.T8.414. Hedge fund due diligence, continued (Mirabile)

@bpdulog great point! Your interpretation ("the ability of the investor to pull out their money" would make a lot more sense (at least to me) than the phrasing suggested by Mirabile ...
@bpdulog great point! Your interpretation ("the ability of the investor to pull out their money" would make a lot more sense (at least to me) than the phrasing suggested by Mirabile ...
@bpdulog great point! Your interpretation ("the ability of the investor to pull out their money" would make a lot more sense (at least to me) than the phrasing suggested by Mirabile ...
@bpdulog great point! Your interpretation ("the ability of the investor to pull out their money" would make a lot more sense (at least to me) than the phrasing suggested by Mirabile ...
Replies:
6
Views:
134
16. ### P2.T8.413. Hedge fund due diligence (Mirabile)

I was thinking the same thing. I obviously saw A as an issue but C seemed to me like management was trying to hide something with vague wording.
I was thinking the same thing. I obviously saw A as an issue but C seemed to me like management was trying to hide something with vague wording.
I was thinking the same thing. I obviously saw A as an issue but C seemed to me like management was trying to hide something with vague wording.
I was thinking the same thing. I obviously saw A as an issue but C seemed to me like management was trying to hide something with vague wording.
Replies:
7
Views:
208
17. ### P2.T8.412. Hedge funds as diversifiers and agents (Constantinides)

Hi @Karim_B I didn't mean to be decisive so much as to point out that Fung & Hsieh appear to define the principal-agent problem narrowly, in terms of the incentive fee (typically the 20% in "2 and 20". I meant to suggest that the principal-agent problem is a broader umbrella. It includes, also, the 2.0% fee; the management fee is an incentive to grow AUM, which from my perspective, incents...
Hi @Karim_B I didn't mean to be decisive so much as to point out that Fung & Hsieh appear to define the principal-agent problem narrowly, in terms of the incentive fee (typically the 20% in "2 and 20". I meant to suggest that the principal-agent problem is a broader umbrella. It includes, also, the 2.0% fee; the management fee is an incentive to grow AUM, which from my perspective, incents...
Hi @Karim_B I didn't mean to be decisive so much as to point out that Fung & Hsieh appear to define the principal-agent problem narrowly, in terms of the incentive fee (typically the 20% in "2 and 20". I meant to suggest that the principal-agent problem is a broader umbrella. It includes,...
Hi @Karim_B I didn't mean to be decisive so much as to point out that Fung & Hsieh appear to define the principal-agent problem narrowly, in terms of the incentive fee (typically the 20% in "2 and...
Replies:
5
Views:
129
18. ### P2.T8.411. Hedge funds strategies (Constantinides)

AIMs: Evaluate the role of investors in shaping the hedge fund industry. Explain the relationship between risk and alpha in hedge funds. Compare and contrast the different hedge fund strategies, describe their return characteristics, and describe the inherent risks of each strategy. Questions: 411.1. According to Fung and Hsieh "the majority of managed futures funds pursue trend following...
AIMs: Evaluate the role of investors in shaping the hedge fund industry. Explain the relationship between risk and alpha in hedge funds. Compare and contrast the different hedge fund strategies, describe their return characteristics, and describe the inherent risks of each strategy. Questions: 411.1. According to Fung and Hsieh "the majority of managed futures funds pursue trend following...
AIMs: Evaluate the role of investors in shaping the hedge fund industry. Explain the relationship between risk and alpha in hedge funds. Compare and contrast the different hedge fund strategies, describe their return characteristics, and describe the inherent risks of each...
AIMs: Evaluate the role of investors in shaping the hedge fund industry. Explain the relationship between risk and alpha in hedge funds. Compare and contrast the different hedge fund strategies,...
Replies:
0
Views:
131
19. ### P2.T8.410. Fung and Hsieh on hedge funds: industry and biases (Constantinides)

Thanks for the award, @David Harper CFA FRM! I have to confess that I did not resort to the original Fung & Hsieh reading as these two guys are also covered within the CAIA curriculum (e.g. the Fung & Hsieh 7-factor model) and for all the hedge-fund related topics I think there is no better source than the original CAIA readings which discusses all sorts of biases in great detail.
Thanks for the award, @David Harper CFA FRM! I have to confess that I did not resort to the original Fung & Hsieh reading as these two guys are also covered within the CAIA curriculum (e.g. the Fung & Hsieh 7-factor model) and for all the hedge-fund related topics I think there is no better source than the original CAIA readings which discusses all sorts of biases in great detail.
Thanks for the award, @David Harper CFA FRM! I have to confess that I did not resort to the original Fung & Hsieh reading as these two guys are also covered within the CAIA curriculum (e.g. the Fung & Hsieh 7-factor model) and for all the hedge-fund related topics I think there is no better...
Thanks for the award, @David Harper CFA FRM! I have to confess that I did not resort to the original Fung & Hsieh reading as these two guys are also covered within the CAIA curriculum (e.g. the...
Replies:
4
Views:
116
20. ### P2.T8.409. Litterman on performance measurement

This reading my be outdated - it conflicts with current ERM practices
This reading my be outdated - it conflicts with current ERM practices
This reading my be outdated - it conflicts with current ERM practices
This reading my be outdated - it conflicts with current ERM practices
Replies:
13
Views:
219
21. ### P2.T8.408. Risk planning and budgeting (Litterman)

AIMs: Define, compare and contrast VaR and tracking error as risk measures. Describe risk planning, including its objectives, effects and the participants in its development. Describe risk budgeting and the role of quantitative methods in risk budgeting. Questions: 408.1. Both value at risk (VaR) and tracking error (TE) are considered risk measures. Which of the following statements is TRUE...
AIMs: Define, compare and contrast VaR and tracking error as risk measures. Describe risk planning, including its objectives, effects and the participants in its development. Describe risk budgeting and the role of quantitative methods in risk budgeting. Questions: 408.1. Both value at risk (VaR) and tracking error (TE) are considered risk measures. Which of the following statements is TRUE...
AIMs: Define, compare and contrast VaR and tracking error as risk measures. Describe risk planning, including its objectives, effects and the participants in its development. Describe risk budgeting and the role of quantitative methods in risk budgeting. Questions: 408.1. Both value at risk...
AIMs: Define, compare and contrast VaR and tracking error as risk measures. Describe risk planning, including its objectives, effects and the participants in its development. Describe risk...
Replies:
0
Views:
104
22. ### PQ-T8P2.T8.407 Hedge fund strategies (topic review)

Hi @Kashif Khalid I agree with you that global macro are top-down managers. But I think the reading stated that a global macro manager could employ some component of bottom-up approach, in addition to their top-down approach (which seems like the natural primary given their broad discretion across asset classses). But don't get me wrong, in terms of simplification and primary emphasis, I think...
Hi @Kashif Khalid I agree with you that global macro are top-down managers. But I think the reading stated that a global macro manager could employ some component of bottom-up approach, in addition to their top-down approach (which seems like the natural primary given their broad discretion across asset classses). But don't get me wrong, in terms of simplification and primary emphasis, I think...
Hi @Kashif Khalid I agree with you that global macro are top-down managers. But I think the reading stated that a global macro manager could employ some component of bottom-up approach, in addition to their top-down approach (which seems like the natural primary given their broad discretion...
Hi @Kashif Khalid I agree with you that global macro are top-down managers. But I think the reading stated that a global macro manager could employ some component of bottom-up approach, in...
Replies:
4
Views:
291
23. ### PQ-T8P2.T8.406. Equity market neutral hedge funds (topic review)

Thanks @emilioalzamora1
Thanks @emilioalzamora1
Thanks @emilioalzamora1
Thanks @emilioalzamora1
Replies:
9
Views:
405
24. ### PQ-T8P2.T8.405. Style analysis and market timing (topic review)

@Tania Pereira At the end of Bodie Chapter 24 (Topic 8) emphasis mine:
@Tania Pereira At the end of Bodie Chapter 24 (Topic 8) emphasis mine:
@Tania Pereira At the end of Bodie Chapter 24 (Topic 8) emphasis mine:
@Tania Pereira At the end of Bodie Chapter 24 (Topic 8) emphasis mine:
Replies:
19
Views:
573
25. ### PQ-T8P2.T8.404. Information ratio, M-squared and the significance of performance (topic review)

Hi [USER=48426]@ The M^2 re-mixes the portfolio so it's volatility matches the benchmark (market). In 404.2, it takes 40% cash/60% portfolio to generate a new portfolio volatility of 18.0%; and this portfolio's return is reduced from 15.0% (no cash) to 10.20% (i.e., 60/40). So the M^2 compares this 10.2% (gross return) the market's 12.0% (gross return). That's a -1.80% difference. Sure you...
Hi [USER=48426]@ The M^2 re-mixes the portfolio so it's volatility matches the benchmark (market). In 404.2, it takes 40% cash/60% portfolio to generate a new portfolio volatility of 18.0%; and this portfolio's return is reduced from 15.0% (no cash) to 10.20% (i.e., 60/40). So the M^2 compares this 10.2% (gross return) the market's 12.0% (gross return). That's a -1.80% difference. Sure you...
Hi [USER=48426]@ The M^2 re-mixes the portfolio so it's volatility matches the benchmark (market). In 404.2, it takes 40% cash/60% portfolio to generate a new portfolio volatility of 18.0%; and this portfolio's return is reduced from 15.0% (no cash) to 10.20% (i.e., 60/40). So the M^2 compares...
Hi [USER=48426]@ The M^2 re-mixes the portfolio so it's volatility matches the benchmark (market). In 404.2, it takes 40% cash/60% portfolio to generate a new portfolio volatility of 18.0%; and...
Replies:
20
Views:
629
26. ### PQ-T8P2.T8.403. Time-weighted versus dollar-weighted returns (topic review)

Hi @dbansal I think that's mostly okay, I don't know exactly what you mean by not taking the mean of the arithmetic/geometric returns, I don't think my answer alters the fundamental definitions of these terms. So I'd probably be more focused on what is the correct definition of (eg) an time-weighted return, but it looks okay to me to use a cumulative perspective for comparison, where they...
Hi @dbansal I think that's mostly okay, I don't know exactly what you mean by not taking the mean of the arithmetic/geometric returns, I don't think my answer alters the fundamental definitions of these terms. So I'd probably be more focused on what is the correct definition of (eg) an time-weighted return, but it looks okay to me to use a cumulative perspective for comparison, where they...
Hi @dbansal I think that's mostly okay, I don't know exactly what you mean by not taking the mean of the arithmetic/geometric returns, I don't think my answer alters the fundamental definitions of these terms. So I'd probably be more focused on what is the correct definition of (eg) an...
Hi @dbansal I think that's mostly okay, I don't know exactly what you mean by not taking the mean of the arithmetic/geometric returns, I don't think my answer alters the fundamental definitions of...
Replies:
13
Views:
544
27. ### PQ-T8P2.T8.402. Performance evaluation (FRM handbook) (topic review)

Just in case anyone was unsure of how to do this, i used the data / stat feature on my BA2 to calculate the variance and it worked like a charm.
Just in case anyone was unsure of how to do this, i used the data / stat feature on my BA2 to calculate the variance and it worked like a charm.
Just in case anyone was unsure of how to do this, i used the data / stat feature on my BA2 to calculate the variance and it worked like a charm.
Just in case anyone was unsure of how to do this, i used the data / stat feature on my BA2 to calculate the variance and it worked like a charm.
Replies:
16
Views:
470
28. ### PQ-T8P2.T8.401. Component and marginal value at risk (VaR) calculations (topic review)

Geez, @Karim_B so sorry that I forgot to link/attach the XLS for 401.1, here it is:
Geez, @Karim_B so sorry that I forgot to link/attach the XLS for 401.1, here it is:
Geez, @Karim_B so sorry that I forgot to link/attach the XLS for 401.1, here it is:
Geez, @Karim_B so sorry that I forgot to link/attach the XLS for 401.1, here it is:
Replies:
10
Views:
398
29. ### PQ-T8P2.T8.400. Diversified portfolio Value at Risk (VaR) (topic review)

Awww. Ok! That makes sense. Thanks a lot!
Awww. Ok! That makes sense. Thanks a lot!
Awww. Ok! That makes sense. Thanks a lot!
Awww. Ok! That makes sense. Thanks a lot!
Replies:
34
Views:
789
30. ### P2.T8.27. More arbitrage strategies (Stowell)

Thanks David, understood we net off any divs recvd from long vs divs owed on short to broker.
Thanks David, understood we net off any divs recvd from long vs divs owed on short to broker.
Thanks David, understood we net off any divs recvd from long vs divs owed on short to broker.
Thanks David, understood we net off any divs recvd from long vs divs owed on short to broker.
Replies:
8
Views:
132