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Hi thanks for the response.
How I calculated the Expected Surplus is as follow. Before any growth in the 1st year the surplus is 100 - 90 = 10. Then the assets and liabilities grow by the respective growth rates (106 - 96.3= 9.7). Thus the total new expected surplus (including growth) is...
Is the surplus value (lower bound of the 95% confidence interval) in this question not the same as absolute SaR. Also why in this question is the Expected Surplus set equal to 9.7 only?
If I calculate the absolute SaR then the calculation in my view would be as follow:
Expected Surplus -...
This is a question from a Garp practice exam.
Why in this question can we not use the sum of absolute VAR for Alpha and absolute VAR for Omega to calculate the maksimum possible VAR for portfolio. The maximum possible daily VAR is then based on a correlation(p) = 1 between Alpha and...
I get the answer to be c as well.
To calculate r I use my calculator
FV = 1000000
PV = -800000
N = 1
PMT = 0
Thus r = 25%
Then using the following formula
(1-p)(1 + r) = (1 + rf)
Note recovery rate = 0 thus p x recover = 0
(1-p) = (1+ 0.05)/(1+0.25)
p = 16 thus c is correct
This is a question out of a old GARP paper. Can you please help me understand why the answer looks at the left tail when explaining the answer. Why would one in this question ignore the right tail. Does the right tail not reflect the ES? Therefore if one argue the implied distribution...
Can you please help me understand why the answer uses continuously compounded rates and not annual rate. In this question the answer is the same whether using continuosly or annual compounding, but may not always be the same.
You are examining the exchange rate between the U.S...
Here is another question where it is unclear for me how the duration was obtained for the 6% bond. I assume we will not be asked this type of question in the exam, if the duration is calculated by multiplying term with fixed factor, else I don't now how to calculate the duration for the 6%...
Thanks, I did not realize that the volatility in the question is expressed as daily. Therefore agree that the 10 day volatility is sqrt(10) multiply by 0.00074. Also not sure how duration is 7 years? I would have used 10 years as no ytm is given to convert to modified duration.
Can you please assist in explaining why the duration of the bond is 7 years I.e. (10)0.5] and why the answer multiplies by 3.16?
Is this also a type of question we can expect in the exam?
Hong Kong Shanghi Bank has entered into a repurchase agreement with a client where the...
I would think that the relationship between convexity and bond yield is negative, therefore the relationship of convexity with price is positive.
Convexity decreases at higher yields because the price-yield curve flattens at higher yields.
In the following question, I agree that b is the correct answer, but why is "a" not also correct. The EWMA do not include the mean reversion term (i.e product of weight and long run variance). But does this not indirectly assume that the long run volatility/variance is zero in EWMA, therefore...