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# tracking-error

1. ### P2.T9.20.5. The low-risk anomaly of asset returns

Learning objectives: Describe and evaluate the low-risk anomaly of asset returns. Define and calculate alpha, tracking error, the information ratio, and the Sharpe ratio. Explain the impact of benchmark choice on alpha and describe characteristics of an effective benchmark to measure alpha...
2. ### P1.T1.20.9. Performance measures

Learning objectives: Calculate, compare and interpret the following performance measures: the Sharpe performance index, the Treynor performance index, the Jensen performance index, the tracking error, information ratio, and Sortino ratio. Questions: 20.9.1. The riskfree rate is 3.0% and the...
3. ### Information Ratio

I'm confused on which Information Ratio to use. It appears that there are two equations. This depends on active or residual? = Alpha / Tracking Error = Rp - Rb / Tracking Error
4. ### YouTube T1-11 Information Ratio

The information ratio is active (or residual) return divided by active (or residual) risk. Active risk is also called tracking error, so the "active information ratio" is given by (active return)/(tracking error). Alternatively, a more technical approach is to use alpha (aka, residual risk) so...
5. ### P2.T8.704. Alpha and effective benchmarks (Andrew Ang)

Learning objectives: Describe and evaluate the low-risk anomaly of asset returns. Define and calculate alpha, tracking error, the information ratio, and the Sharpe ratio. Explain the impact of benchmark choice on alpha, and describe characteristics of an effective benchmark to measure alpha...