Hi,

I am regular follower of this forum. David has really helped me do today's exam well. Thanks to shaktirathore, shanlane and others who discussed the concepts thoroughly. I will post what ever I remember before I start forgetting and btw, this is my first post in BT.

In today's exam around 20-30 questions are "Which of the following is correct" type question and for close to 10 out of 80 questions, the answers were ambiguous. I was able to eliminate the two. And I had to make an intelligent guess between the remaining two.

1. Price of 1st to default vs Price of 2nd to default. Correlation decreases and which of the following is correct?

Ans: value of 1st to default CDS increases.

2. Why BSM is not used to value fixed income securities?

Ans: It doesnt account for the fact price of FI secs becomes face value at maturity.

Non-constant variance?

3. Spot rate for 2 years was given. and yield for 2 years was also given in a table. We are asked to find the PD over the 2 years?

Ans: I used (1+rfr)^2 = (1-PD) (1+ytm)^2 and got 9.4 as ans

4. Calculating credit spread given r.f.r, RR, Yield etc.

Ans: we need to first find PD using (1+rfr) = (1-PD*LGD)(1+ytm) and then use the multiply PD*LGD to get credit spread. Ans is 5.x

5. One question on Allied irish bank. which of the following is the major reason for collapse?

Ans: Inexperienced supervisor (I thought "he took adv of inexperienced control ppl" is also close)

Took advantage? I remember the head of trading was experienced, but his immediate supervisor was not. The letter b choice says something like "head of trading desk"

6. Common cause for U.S and Irish crisis : Ans: performance related pay

Gov't policy?

7. A took 1000 long position in stock ABC and 1000 short position in XYZ and other details reqd for VAR calculation are given. Combined portfolio var was asked. But correlation between long positions was given as 0.75(??) So we should take it as -0.75. Ans: 86 M

8. Liquity Correction was asked as last question given mean spread and its volatility. Straight forward.

The choices were 3.5m, 2.5m..

9. Total Market charge was asked given 60 day avg VAR and Stressed VAR and previous VAR and SVAR. Ans: 256 M

10: one question of Convertible arbitrage strategy. Two options are very close

11. Managing tail risk: again two options are close: Ans: invest in strategy which is negatively correlated with tail risk. But I marked move off the optimal frontier which is wrong.

12. CVA question Ans: A's credit exposure increases and its CVA will decrease

13. There are atleast two questions on Correlations and copula where two of the choices are very close

14. 2 questions (40 and 41) were asked on Merton based model given a table

1. One based on Value of equity can be replicated (or sth similar) Ans: D (dont remember the options)

2. DD is given and PD is asked. Ans: 1.25%

I remember this, this is correct

15. Two stocks and their holding details, daily volume, percentage they intended to sell daily were given. and liquidity duration was asked. Ans: 9 days

I remember this,yes, 9 days.

16. some question on up-and-out barrier option

Negative vega is the answer here

17. 100 call long and 1oo more call and 300 long forwards were taken and VAR was asked. Similar to the one in the practise exam. Need to find delta of the portfolio and then find the answer.

18. KV01 for 2 yr rate is given and change per 100 is also given. What is the position that need to be taken was asked. Ans: -465.12

19. Duration of IO stip is asked indirectly.

Negative duration

20. Which of the following amounts to collateralization. I chose the answer "originators set aside cash for losses". I know it is CCA. but all other options are definitely false

21. One question on RAROC? Ans: Reject the project becoz ARAROC is lesser than market premium

Yes, this remember this. We have same answer

22. why Sharpe Litner was rejected?

Ans: avg return is flat

23. Atleast two questions were there on dependence/correlation and copula.

24. One table with maturity, coupon, Compounding frequency were given and four options were given for us regarding macualays duration and DVo1 to choose the correct

I remember the answer here was letter C?

Ans: Actually none seems to be correct. I marked ans D: DVo1

25. CVAR calculation was asked given all the details.

26. Atleast 3 questions were based on hedging concepts. For one question we needed to find beta using correlation, volatility of A, volatility of Portfolio etc. Ans: 120

-120 to fully hedge the volatility.

27: Equity swap question was given. And the equity value increased and the net outflow was asked. Ans: -4.25 i think (not sure)

-4.25 because you will use the initial LIBOR given, not the future libor.

28: Mortage pool is structured into two tranches A and B. Coupon payments for mortgage pool and tranch A were given in a table. And Coupon payment for Tranch B was asked. Simple Math.

Ans: LIBOR + 88bp

Yeah, pretty straightforward

29: 4 securities A, B, C , D were given with the value of the collateral.Which of them is more subject to liquidity risk or sth like that. Ans: C (by percentage wise, its was the one which was least collaterlalized)

30. One question on model risk. David's notes helped me here. There were few points like ignoring small errors etc., adding complexity etc..

31. CDS valuation. They made it tricky. But actually it was simple. They said the default occurs at the end of the year instead of half year through. While calculating I guess we just need to ignore pv of accrued payment in the event of default. I dont remember the answer though.

32. Option on Fixed income security. The probability of upmovement or downmovement was not given. So I assumed 0.5 each. and the price of 1-yr european call option was asked. My answer dint match any answer choice. So I choose a) 3.94

You can compute for the risk neutral probability. Answer was 5.94

33. One question regarding tails of all distribution was asked.

34. One question on LCR. Ans: BASEL requirement is 100% and they dint meet the requirement.

Yes. Same answer

35. What does PE do for financing?

Ans: They raised subordinate debt at higher yields.

36. One on Prepayments and Strips.

37. Question on EL and UL.

Ans: unexpected loss of the portfolio will always be lesser than or equal to sum of the individual portfolio

Yes, same answer

38. Similar concept was tested in operational risk too.

Ans: Total operational risk across various risks cant be greater than sum of all the risks in individual Business unit.

Same answer

39. For modelling frequency, which distribution do u use?

Ans: negative binomial

Same

40. One question on exception at 99% confidence interval for 2500 days. What is the maximum no of exceptions allowed without rejecting the model at 95% C.I?

Ans: I marked 35(??)

Yeah. Same

41. One on CLN. If the correlation between reference asset and CLN issuer changes, how will the value of CLN will be affected or sth like that?

That's One of the answers, but not the thing asked for.

Thats all I remember now. I will keep updating if I remember more. Btw after I marked all the answers, I just noticed that 40% of the answers esp in the latter half are D). Did you guys also feel the same.

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