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GARP sample exam question

Deepak Chitnis

Active Member
Dear David/Nicole,
On the GARP book of FOUNDATION(2015 edition) sample question I got confused in question no. 2 which is on tracking error. The question is as follows.
Benchmark return Fund returns
9.00% 1.00%
7.00% 3.00%
7.00% 5.00%
5.00% 4.00%
2.00% 1.50%
what is the tracking error of the portfolio?
I calculated the standard deviation using my calculator then I got volatility of benchmark is 2.3664 and volatility of fund return is 1.496. After using the formula I got -0.8704. Am I missing something here? Is there any wrong step did I take? Please help me in these question if possible. Sorry for trouble.
Thank you
Last edited:

Dr. Jayanthi Sankaran

Well-Known Member
Hi Deepak,

Tracking error is the standard deviation of the difference between the portfolio return and the benchmark return. You must compute the differences and then compute the standard deviation of these differences. Hope that helps!