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# P1.T4.312. Discount factors and spot rates extracted from swap rates

#### Fran

AIMs: Calculate and describe the impact of different compounding frequencies on a bond’s value. Calculate discount factors given interest rate swap rates. Compute spot rates given discount factors.

Questions:

312.1. Assume we observe the following (unrealistically) steep swap rate curve: This swap rate curve implies semi-annual discount factors and spot rates. Which is nearest to the the implied 1.5 year effective annual spot rate; i.e., the 1.5 year semi-annual spot rate implied by the swap rate curve translated into an effective annual rate (EAR, aka, effective annual yield)?

a. 2.925%
b. 3.000%
c. 3.019%
d. 3.042%

312.2. Incredibly, we observe an annual swap rate curve that is perfectly linear (and quite steep!): Which are nearest, respectively, to the implied four (4.0) year discount factor and spot rate, if we assume annual compound periods?

a. 0.6030 and 4.0020%
b. 0.8513 and 4.1056%
c. 0.9013 and 3.9450%
d. 0.7546 and 3.2601%

312.3. Assume today we observe the following swap rates: We can extract discount factors and spot rates from this swap rate curve. If $100,000 is invested today for 1.5 years at the implied 1.5 year spot rate, compounded semi-annually, to which nearest value will the investment grow? a.$101,758.03
b. $102,419.25 c.$102,434.87
d. \$103,240.83

#### Tajammul

##### New Member
Can any body please explain how to calculate the answer. I am having difficulty understanding the concept.

Thank you