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P1.T4.319.Hedging positions with key rates, Tuckman 3rd Ed.

Pam Gordon

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AIMs: Describe the key rate exposure technique in multi-factor hedging applications and summarize its advantages and disadvantages. Calculate the key rate exposures for a given security, and compute the appropriate hedging positions given a specific key rate exposure profile.

Questions:

319.1. The first panel below shows the key rate '01 (KR01) for five bonds, bond (A) to (E), and the sum of the four KR01s in the final column. The second panel, which is essentially similar to Tuckman's case study, shows the result of a position that consists of four trades: (Tuckman's case study: Bruce Tuckman, Fixed Income Securities, 3rd Edition (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2011))
  • A trader shorts $100.0 million face amount of bond (A) for a customer and then hedges this with a long position in $47.102 million face amount of bond (B),
    in order to neutralize yield-based DV01.
  • The trader shorts $40.0 million of bond (C) for a customer then hedges this with a long position in $72.417 face amount of bond (D), again in order to neutralize yield-based DV01:
Each of the following is true in this situation EXCEPT for which is false?

a. The position is approximately neutral with respect to DV01; i.e., position is ~ DV01-neutral
b. The position has on a substantial 5-30 steepener: it will gain if 30-year yields rise relative to 5-year yields
c. An additional trade to short $5.03 million of face amount of bond (E) will approximately hedge the two-year key rate '01 of the position
d. An additional trade to short $64.38 million of face amount of bond (E) will approximately hedge the five-year key rate '01 of the position

319.2. An underlying exposure (position) has a five-year key-rate '01 of +$23,970. If this key rate exposure can be hedged by trading five-year bond that itself has a 5-year KR01 of $0.0480 per 100 face amount, what is the hedge trade?

a. Buy ~ $499,375 in face amount
b. Buy ~ $49.94 million in face amount
c. Sell ~ $499,375 in face amount
d. Sell ~ $49.94 million in face amount

319.3.In regard to a key rate exposure profile where the key rate type is par yields, which of the following statements is TRUE?

a. If trades neutralize all of the key rate exposures (KR01), then the yield-based DV01 will be approximately neutralized
b. If trades neutralize the yield-based DV01, then each of the key rate exposures (KR01s) will be approximately neutralized
c. A negative key rate exposure must be the result of a short position and cannot be the result of a long position
d. If a coupon-bearing bond has a maturity of exactly five (5) years and prices exactly at par, each of its KR01s will equal its yield-based DV01; i.e., 2-year KR01 = 5-year KR01 = 10-year KR01 = 30-year KR01 = yield-based DV01

Answers:
 

David Harper CFA FRM

David Harper CFA FRM
Staff member
Subscriber
Hi monte-carlo, thanks for trying this new, difficult question. We agree on .1 and .2 :cool:
but I do not have (d) for .3. Does this make a difference?:

I edited (d) from (maybe "all" is unclear?)
d. If a coupon-bearing bond has a maturity of exactly five (5) years and prices exactly at par, all of its KR01s (i.e., 2, 5, 10, and 30-year) will equal its yield-based DV01

To maybe better:
d. If a coupon-bearing bond has a maturity of exactly five (5) years and prices exactly at par, each of its KR01s will equal its yield-based DV01; i.e., 2-year KR01 = 5-year KR01 = 10-year KR01 = 30-year KR01 = yield-based DV01
 
Ok, David, thank you for your help, then I don`t quite understand answer c "A negative key rate exposure must be the result of a short position and cannot be the result of a long position". As far as I understand Key Rate 01 is a measure similar to DV 01 and indicates whether prices inhance or abate as a result of a shift down or up of a particular rate - so they may be either positive or negative? And according to the position - short or long you may have different exposures - if you are short then you gain if rates inhance/price goes down and you lose if rates plunge/price goes up and vice versa for a long position... Please correct me if I am wrong? Thank you for being very helpful!
 
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