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P1.T4.807. Classical value at risk (VaR) (Dowd Ch.2)

Nicole Seaman

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Learning objectives: Describe the mean-variance framework and the efficient frontier. Explain the limitations of the mean-variance framework with respect to assumptions about return distributions.

Questions:

807.1. Displayed below is a plot of the Capital Market Line (CML) according to the mean-variance framework. There are only two risky assets:
  • Risky Asset A has an expected return and volatility of 8.0%
  • Risky Asset B has an expected return and volatility of 20.0%




Please note the graph also contains an Orange Circle and a Green Triangle. About this situation, each of the following is true EXCEPT which is false?

a. If the risk-free rate is constant at 3.0%, then the slope of the CML is invariant to the correlation between A & B returns
b. An investor can achieve an expected return greater than 20.0%, which is the expected return of Risky Asset B, if she is willing to borrow at the risk-free rate
c. The Green Triangle represents the Market Portfolio: it is entirely allocated between Risky Assets A & B but without any allocation to the risk-free asset
d. The Orange Circle represents the Minimum Variance portfolio: it generates a Sharpe ratio that in inferior to (less than) the Sharpe ratio of any position on the CML


807.2. Dowd explains that daily financial data can be expressed in either loss(+)/profit(-) format, or profit(+)/loss(-) format. For example, in profit(+)/loss(-) format which is more natural to the actual math, a asset's expected gain is represented by a positive value while it's loss is represented by a negative. However, in risk it is also convenient to use loss(+)/profit(-) format such that losses are expressed by positive values.

Assume our chosen format is loss(+)/profit(-), which is also just called "L/P." Our position's profits are normally distributed and given by the following two parameters:
  • The drift, µ, is equal to -$15.0 per annum, and
  • The volatility, σ is equal to $35.0 per annum.
If the daily returns are i.i.d. with 250 trading days per year, which is nearest to the 20-day 95.0% confident absolute value at risk (aVaR)?

a. -9.35
b. 15.08
c. 21.83
d. 42.57


807.3. Rebecca has determined that her equity portfolio's 25-day 95.0% confident absolute value at risk (aVaR) is given by -µ*Δt + σ*α*sqrt(Δt) = -12,000 + 208,000 = $196,000. She subsequently decides that she wants to translate this into a 10-day 99.0% confident aVaR. If the returns are i.i.d. and normally distributed, which of the following is nearest to the translated VaR?

a. 133,300
b. 150,000
c. 180,530
d. 195,400

Answers here:
 

SP_SK

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#2
Hi Nicole, I had a query on the question posted above, would these questions be included in the quiz set for the related topic in the study planner, or do I need to keep a track of all these daily questions separately for practice. It would be great if you can help guide the best way to navigate this, I am looking to appear for November 2018 Part 1 exam.

Thanks,
Sangeeta
 

Nicole Seaman

Chief Admin Officer
Staff member
Subscriber
Thread starter #3
Hi Nicole, I had a query on the question posted above, would these questions be included in the quiz set for the related topic in the study planner, or do I need to keep a track of all these daily questions separately for practice. It would be great if you can help guide the best way to navigate this, I am looking to appear for November 2018 Part 1 exam.

Thanks,
Sangeeta
Hello @SP_SK

You do not need to keep track of these daily. Once we have a full set of questions for a reading, these will be compiled into a practice question set and published in the study planner under the appropriate reading. We have taken a small break from posting daily practice questions, but we will resume shortly.

Thank you,

Nicole
 
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