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# P2.T5.307. Cox-Ingersoll-Ross (CIR) interest rate process

#### Fran

##### Administrator
AIMs: Describe the short-term rate process under the Cox-Ingersoll-Ross (CIR) and Lognormal models. Calculate the short-term rate change and describe the basis point volatility using the CIR and Lognormal models. Summarize the application of a lognormal model with deterministic drift and a lognormal model with mean reversion

Questions:

307.1. Donald the analyst is employing the Cox-Ingersoll-Ross (CIR) model for the short-term rate process: (Source: Bruce Tuckman, Fixed Income Securities, 3rd Edition (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2011))

His assumptions include (see above):
• The time-step is monthly, dt = 1/12
• Today's initial rate, r(0) = 1.00%
• The annual basis point volatility, sigma = 2.50%
• The long-run rate, theta = 8.00%
• The strength of reversion, k = 0.60
For the first month, the random uniform value is 0.71 such that the random standard normal is 0.5534 and dw = 0.5534*SQRT(1/12) = 0.160. What is the short-rate in the first month under this CIR process, r(1/12)?

a. -0.250%
b. 0.444%
c. 1.390%
d. 2.172%

307.2. Peter the analyst is constructing a binomial tree according to Tuckman's lognormal model (without mean reversion). Here are his assumptions and partial tree (Source: Bruce Tuckman, Fixed Income Securities, 3rd Edition (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2011)): His assumptions include:
• The time-step is monthly, dt = 1/12
• Today's initial rate, r(0) = 2.00%
• Annual drift is constant at 50 basis points
• The annual basis point volatility, sigma = 9.00%
What is the rate at node [1,1]?

a. 1.98665%
b. 2.05350%
c. 2.38794%
d. 3.12550%

307.3. Each of the following is true about lognormal models of the short-term interest rate process EXCEPT for:

a. In the lognormal models, the the natural logarithm of the short rate is normally distributed
b. Like the Cox-Ingersoll-Ross (CIR), the lognormal models offer the advantage of not allowing negative rates
c. The lognormal model without mean reversion is similar to the Ho-Lee model but based on the natural logarithm of the short rate instead of on the short rate itself
d. The Black-Karasinski Model is similar to the Ho-Lee Model but instead is an equilibrium model with constant drift

Answers: