Discussion in 'David's Notebook' started by Abhishek Verma, Dec 16, 2016.

1. ### Abhishek VermaNew Member

Hi David,

Does Z spread for a same bond, when calculated at different time periods changes ?

For example lets say we are valuing a bond on January 2000 that will mature in January 2010 bond. Lets say z spread for the bond is 100 bps at Jan 2000. Will Z spread be the same when we will value the same bond on January 2005?

Provided interest rate doesn't changes.

Last edited: Dec 16, 2016
2. ### ShaktiRathoreWell-Known Member

Hi,
The Z-spread reflects the credit risk associated with the Bond ,as maturity changes the credit risk profile of the Bond changes therefore the Z-spread should also change.As the Bond becomes more risky the investors sells it therefore the price drops down and the spread goes up and when the Bond becomes less risky the investors buys it therefore the price goes up and the spread goes down.
thanks

Last edited: Dec 17, 2016
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3. ### Abhishek VermaNew Member

@ShaktiRathore - Thanks

I've another doubt.

In case of interest changes we consider OAS that removes the sensitivity of interest rate volatility, considering a bond trading at par and everything about the bond remains constant i.e all the risks remain constatnt (Credit, liquidity, default etc), so in these ideal conditions OAS must remain constant throughout maturity?

• When maturity = 3 years, and given an observed (traded price) of $95.00, the z-spread = 2.79%. Notice that we require a price input assumption, in my example$95.00; compared to the $102.98 which is implied by discounting the 3-year bond at the risk free rates. • When we shift "forward in time" to 2 years, the issue is choosing the price assumption. I selected constant yield (in this case 3.78% implied by the$95 price for the 3-year bond); in this case, a constant yield of 3.78% implies a price (for the shorter 2-year bond) of $96.60. Notice that, appropriately, the bond price has "pulled to par" from$95.00 to \$96.60. The updated z-spread equals 3.18%, so it has increased noticeably. I hope that's interesting!